Bonne, K., & Verbeke, W. (2008a). Campaigners are urging the government to introduce clear labelling to say whether meat is slaughtered by halal methods – an issue which the European Union is already studying. Key Responsibilities. In halal meat industry, the system covers from practicing good animal husbandry in the farm until the post-slaughter management in order to maintain the halal status. In this context, HCB rejects the certification of goods that, for. Muslim Slaughtered – the slaughtering process must be conducted by a practicing Muslim who is of sound mind and who has the explicit intention of performing a slaughter. Title HALAL SUPERVISOR Reports To SHARIAH DEPARTMENT/MANAGEMENT. Animals whose backs are forbidden, cattle over which they do not (even) mention the name of Allah. Other principles include responsibility for the social compatibility of goods and services. The Jewish method of slaughter called shechita cannot involve pre-slaughter stunning at all. Scope. With regards to the Halal Process, let’s take for example the most well-known and sought-after halal product – Meat. The name of God or "In the name of God" has to be called by the butcher upon slaughter of each halal animal separately, and it should consist of a swift, deep incision with a very sharp knife on the throat, cutting the wind pipe, … In many sheep and lambs this is by electronic stunning to the head or in poultry via a water bath electrified with enough power to make them unconscious but not to kill. Thus, halal slaughtering method must be applied to halal animals. There is no man who kills (even) a sparrow or anything smaller, without its deserving it, but God will question him about it (on the judgment day),” and “Whoever is kind to the creatures of God is kind to himself.”. "But Halal Slaughter Is The Most Humane Way To Slaughter Animals" Some religious scholars say that religions place a lot of rules regarding how to slaughter animals, not because slaughtering animals is a merciful act, but because of the exact opposite. We have neglected nothing in the Book (of Our decrees). It emphasizes the influences of pre-slaughter, slaughter and post-slaughter factors on welfare, physiological stress responses, skeletal muscle metabolism and meat quality in ruminants and non-ruminants. Halal requires the throat to be cut, severing the artery, vein and windpipe. وَقَالُوا هَذِهِ أَنْعَامٌ وَحَرْثٌ حِجْرٌ لا يَطْعَمُهَا إِلا مَنْ نَشَاءُ بِزَعْمِهِمْ وَأَنْعَامٌ حُرِّمَتْ ظُهُورُهَا وَأَنْعَامٌ لا يَذْكُرُونَ اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهَا افْتِرَاءً عَلَيْهِ سَيَجْزِيهِمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْتَرُونَ, “And they say: these animals and crops are forbidden – no one may eat them except those we wish” – this is their claim. The HCB is an independent and internationally accredited inspection and certification center for halal foods and services with head office in Turkey. 1-2, pp. ISLAMIC METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING . The vast majority of halal slaughter in Australia (including at export abattoirs) complies with standard slaughter practice where all animals are stunned prior to slaughter. Halal Zabeeha is one of the Most Humane Methods of Animal Slaughter. The Muslim slaughter man says “Bismillah” (“In the name of Allah”) Allah Hu Akbar. In the Quran, the word halal is contrasted with haram (forbidden). He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine flesh, and that on which hath been invoked any other name besides Allah’s. Then, the animal must be slaughtered with a sharp knife by cutting the throat, windpipe and the blood vessels in the neck (while the animal is conscious), causing the animal’s death without cutting the spinal cord. (All that is) a lie against Him. When we say it is halal, it is halal based on the Islamic understanding of what is behind the meat. Halal certification is becoming increasingly important, particularly with regard to nutrition based on Islamic principles and the constantly growing challenges of the manufacturing industry. The Arabic word halal means permissible, and the rules of slaughter are based on Islamic law. This method of slaughtering lawful animals has several conditions to be fulfilled. Blood must be drained. Halal slaughter is was one of the more humane methods available to the meat industry and the only method acceptable for Muslim consumers.’ What Does More Humane Mean? Its proponents say the technique learned by practitioners over seven years of training meets the European Union's requirement for stunning in that it brings insensitivity to pain and distress. This article discusses and highlights some of the proposed content and requirements in the Malaysia Halal Management Systems (MHMS) 2019. Today I have made permissible for you pure things and the food of those who for you. Malaysia Halal food standards, the MS1500 has recently been Shown in Table 2 below is the component of MHMS 2019. The Muis Academy offers the following Halal training programmes: Level 1: Halal Foundation Programme; Level 2: Developing & Implementing the Singapore Muis Halal Quality Management System (HalMQ); Halal Slaughtering Course (Theory) To supervisor the entire process of the Halal slaughtering house activities from the receiving of animal to packing and dispatching of meat products supervising Islamic rules and certification body standards. The Halal Food Authority rules for slaughtering birds or other permissible animals for halal purposes are based on Islamic Shari'ah laws, EU hygiene and Food Safety and Food Hygiene Regulations. FSA estimates suggest that 88% of animals in the UK killed by halal methods were stunned beforehand in a way that many Muslims find religiously acceptable. Keeping animals calm by gentle and quiet handling is a requirement for Halal and Judaic slaughter. Exports of halal meat from New Zealand began in the 1970’s when the industry developed halal systems to enable export to Middle East halal markets. Overtly the above verse reads that the Zabeeha (ذَبِيْحَة) of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible, but the fundamental principle must be understood in order to understand the Quran i.e. The "sawing action" of the slaughtering is permittedas long as the slaughtering knife or blade is not lifted off the animal during the slaughtering; I) bones, nails and teeth shall not be used as slaughtering tools; m) the act of halal slaughter shall begin with an incision on the neck at some point just below the glottis (Adam's apple) and after the glottis for long necked animals; n) the slaughter act shall sever the … Main point of contact for certification body for the shipment and slaughtering house activities. Halal References Halal Food Laws Certification Slaughter Food production Authentication Gelatin Halal Food Laws 1. ‘One part of the Quran explains the other’. “They must not be mutilated while they are alive”. The current slaughtering method, or the humane slaughter, follows these Islamic guidelines. This module provides the fundamental Shariah knowledge from the perspective of science and management of Halal slaughtering. Codex Halal O I C Halal … Halal slaughter is a very conscientious method of meat preparation that adds an extra layer of care, hygiene and cognizance to the process. B. go back to child labor or exploitation. Halal Slaughter Halal meat is one of the important issues in Islam. Zibah requires animal(s)/bird(s) to be alive and healthy at the time of He will repay them for that which they invent.” (Qur’an 6:138), Apply Now In halal, however, they are killed by hand. The central principles of HCB combine standards for animal welfare and strict adherence to the animal ethics enshrined in Islam (the animal is a creature, the implementation of the Ihsan principle is mandatory here). We must consider their lives as worthwhile and esteemed. The Qur’an gives the following injunctions in chapter al-Maida 5:3 that An animal/bird should not be dead prior to slaughtering. At HCB, we only accept capable Muslim slaughter men to further our Halal certification process. The person doing the slaughter is clearly instructed in Islam to “Slaughter with mercy and slaughter swiftly.”. In Islamic law dhabīḥah is the prescribed method of ritual slaughter of all lawful halal animals. Halal Certification Body is an independent testing and certification body for halal food in Turkey, which has been developing halal standards for fourteen  years, with which food, pharmaceutical and chemical products can be manufactured taking into account Islamic purity and food regulations as well as the Tay-yibaat standards , Products bearing the Halal Certification Body seal of quality and value can be consumed safely and with a clear conscience by Muslim consumers ( and of course also by non-Muslims ). Who We Are HCB, Muradiye Cd.225, 34080 Sirkeci - İstanbul, Turkey. Slaughter means killing a live, halal animal by severing the trachea (halkum), oesophagus (mari’) and both carotid arteries and jugular veins (wadajain) to hasten the bleeding and death of the animal by using a sharp tool with the intention due to Allah. This final step is performed because blood can harbour harmful bacteria, and also to ensure that there are no blood clots, thus keeping the entire body safe and clean to be eaten. Basic Requirement for Halal Slaughter To make meat halal or permissible, meat & poultry has to be slaughtered in a ritual way known as Zibah. C)Halal Slaughterhouse Operators Management Orientation Seminar (SOMOS) D) Butcher’s Training 26 26 26 V - HALAL SLAUGHTER SUPPORT MECHANISMS A) Municipal Meat Safety Board/Council B) Meat Safety Legislation or Ordinance 26 27 VI GOOD HALAL SLAUGHTER PRACTICES A) Personal Hygiene B) Biosecurity Measures C) Waste Management (1) Examination by highly qualified Islamologists and food chemists / technologists as well as Halal System Assurance specialists, (2) Certification according to internationally recognized halal standards. Some Muslims warn that there must be an information campaign beforehand and those who are against any stunning question why, if labelling on the halal method is necessary, why is not for animals slaughtered in other ways, by captive-bolt gun, gassing, electrocution, drowning or "mis-stunning". 2.7 Food Products and Beverages 2.5 Corrective Action Any action to be taken when the results of monitoring at the IHC indicate a loss of control. From this point of view, HCB rejects, among other things, the certification of eggs from laying batteries or meat from industrial production. And eat of what Allah hath given you (for food) that which is lawful and wholesome, and fear Allah in whom ye believe. The above references remind us that animals are living creatures with feelings and connections to the larger spiritual and physical world. Animal welfare aspect and ante-mortem inspection were also highlighted in reducing the chances of slaughtering the injured or diseased animal which may not only affecting the meat quality but unhealthy for consumption. The value of the market could be £2bn a year or more. HCB ensures that Halal slaughtering methods, according to Shariah Law, are employed during beef and poultry slaughters while under International Halal Standard. But they have traditionally been shackled, hung upside down on a production line, moved through electrified water to stun them, then conveyed to a mechanical neck cutter. Photograph: Mark Sykes/Alamy. The person who is slaughtering must make the intention of performing the slaughter and then must recite “Tasmia” which is typically “Bismillah and Allahu Akbar” or “In the name of Allah and Allah is Greatest”. In the 1980s, meat was an important product and in that time it was a requirement to obtain a Halal certificate if it is exported to certain countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, the United Arab Emirates and to a number of other countries. Vets say unstunned cattle take about 20 seconds (but up to 2 minutes) to lose consciousness, sheep six or seven seconds (but up to 20) and poultry seven or eight seconds, but all these times can be far longer. According to Islamic law, the Arabic word for the ritual of slaughtering animals is known as Dhabihah, which essentially deems the slaughtered meat as ‘halal’ or permissible to eat. The RSPCA and British Veterinary Association are among the groups calling for an end to slaughter without pre-stunning – a move that would mean an end to religious exemptions from European and UK legislation on this element of slaughtering, and also, say campaigners, an end to unnecessary suffering. Zabeeha (ذَبِيْحَة) is the prescribed method of slaughter for all permissible meat sources, excluding fish and other sea-life, per Islamic law. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered. Therefore, this verse should be understood in the light of another verse relating to the same matter: Do not eat unless Allah’s name has been taken and this (not taking Allah’s name) practice is transgression. Challenges and practices in Halal meat preparation: a case study investigation of a UK slaughterhouse. The objective is to slaughter the animal, limiting the amount of pain the animal will encounter. Religious values informing halal meat production and the control and delivery of halal credence quality. This was one of the main sections where the confusion was created as if the government of India mandated that slaughtering the meat using the Halal method was a part of the ‘Safety Management System’ according to APEDA. HCB ensures that Halal slaughtering methods, according to Shariah Law, are employed during beef and poultry slaughters while under International Halal Standard. Definition of Halal The word 'halal' literally means permissible - and in translation it is usually used as lawful. This must be done out loud during the slaughter. review of Halal Assurance Management System. At Halal Certification Body we take pride in being the oldest and most well-known Halal Certifier in the world. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence: Vol. One of the halal certifying agencies in the United States, the Halal Food Standards Alliance of America (HFSAA), provides education, monitoring, and certification for halal farmers and slaughter plants although it is not clear whether this is widely accepted by … Amongst the guidelines established for a Halal slaughter is the unwavering fundamental that the animal must be alive at the time of slaughter and the blood must be drained out. The debate over when meat is halal and whether it should be clearly labelled has been put back on the agenda by vets and animal welfare campaigners who want all animals slaughtered for food to be stunned before killing. While the former verse explicitly states that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible and the latter says, ‘Do not eat unless Allah’s name has been taken’, in the light of both these verses, it is understood that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible only if the name of Allah is taken at the time of slaughtering. But contrary to what many assume, most animals killed by halal methods are stunned before slaughter. Scientifically it is proven that the animal didn’t feel any pain if the impulse and oxygen of the body did not reach the brain (cerebral anoxia), practically by severing the following : In the end, we understand our accountability to Allah SWT, our creator. This was one of the main sections where the confusion was created as if the government of India mandated that slaughtering the meat using the Halal method was a part of the ‘Safety Management System’ according to APEDA. Blood must be drained out of the carcass. Cattle and some sheep and pigs are stunned by a bolt through the brain before being killed. slaughter management of the animals requires that they should be healthy, and not stressed, fatigued, excited or neurotic. 2.4 Control Measure. HCB only accepts Halal methods that follow Shariah in its purest form. (2017). That means no tolerance for deviance in the form of “Tasmia” by tape recorder, phone, or by driving around the processing facility. Muslims who oppose any stunning say their method remains the most humane and point out that a number of stunning methods have been banned as being bad for animal welfare. 2.3 Documentation Any record of Halal Assurance Management System activity. In non-halal slaughterhouses, stunned animals are shackled and hoisted above the ground where a slaughterman "sticks" them, cutting their throat or inserting a chest stick close to the heart. The Arabic word halal means permissible, and the rules of slaughter are based on Islamic law. The first approaches to a comprehensive Ihsan and Tay yibaat system can be found in the Halal Certification Body (HCB), which is implemented in the quality and management environment of certified companies. This has earned us the trust of Muslims in the Middle East, SE Asia, North America and beyond. The animal has to be alive and healthy, a Muslim has to perform the slaughter in the appropriate ritual manner, and the animal's throat must be cut by a sharp knife severing the carotid artery, jugular vein and windpipe in a single swipe. Halal Quality Control was established in 1983 and has been involved in Halal product certification ever since. The international halal food market is the fastest growing area of ​​the food industry. It is important for Muslims to know the difference. Any meat that bears Halal designation must be qualified by a few basic principles. The only ... Halal slaughter or ‘dhabiha’ refers to bleeding animals On the other hand, companies are opening up that attach particular importance to ethical and social responsibility, new sales opportunities in the international markets. Halal (/ h ə ˈ l ɑː l /; Arabic: حلال ‎, ḥalāl; also spelled halaal) is an Arabic word that translates to "permissible or lawful" into English.. About 40m cattle, sheep, pigs and calves and 900m poultry birds are killed in British abattoirs each year, according to a Food Standards Agency (FSA) report two years ago, and one estimate has suggested that 114m of these animals, including poultry, are killed using the halal method. 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